Companies conducting a public offering must file a registration statement with the SEC before offering their securities for sale. Once the registration statement has gone into “effect”, these securities are deemed to be “registered”. Companies who have not registered their securities would trigger the requirement to register and become an exchange act reporting company if:
The company has $10 million in total assets and a class of equity securities, like Common Stock, with 2,000+ total securityholders or 500+ unaccredited investors (Not applicable for banks, bank holding companies, and savings and loan holding companies
The company’s securities are listed on a U.S. exchange.
Exemptions to Registration
Exempt companies that conduct Regulation A and Regulation CF offerings are not bound by traditional exchange act requirements mentioned above if the companies follow these provisions:
Regulation Crowdfunding (Reg CF) Offerings
The company must be current in its Reg CF annual reporting requirement under Rule 202.
The company must not possess more than $25 million total assets at the end of its last fiscal year.
The company must be current in its reporting requirement under Securities Act Rule 257(b), which includes Reg A annual, semiannual, and special financial reports.
The company’s public float must be less than $75 million at the end of its last semiannual period, or where there is no public float, the annual revenue must be less than $50 million at the end of its previous fiscal year
For Reg CF companies with over $25mm in assets, in most cases, it makes sense to go public and take advantage of the publicly traded market benefits. Likewise, Reg A companies with valuations over $75 million can take advantage of the vast number of benefits of being a public company by registering their securities.
In both Reg CF and Reg A Tier II, the company must seek the services of a transfer agent registered with the SEC pursuant to Section 17A of the Exchange Act. Section 17A of the Exchange Act requires Transfer Agents to be registered with the SEC and comply with various reporting, recordkeeping, and other requirements to avoid license suspension.
Colonial Stock Transfer has been registered with the SEC since 1987 and offers innovative features in its online cap table management platform for companies and their investors.